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The Book of Luke

Lesson 45

 

 

  • In the Book of Matthew, Jesus is presented as King. In Mark, He is the Servant. Now as we come to the Book of Luke, Jesus is presented as the Son of Man.

 

  • Remember that Matthew writes to the Hebrew mind. Mark to the Roman mind while Luke writes to the Greek mind.

 

  • Luke, the Physician, wrote Luke and the Book of Acts. Both Luke and Acts are addressed to the same person-Theophilus.

 

The Central Message:

“For the Son of Man is come to seek and to save that which was lost” Luke 19:10

 

  • The key phrase of the Book is “Son of Man” because Luke deals with the humanity of our Lord.

 

 

  • The Nativity, Boyhood, Manhood of Jesus: Chapters 1 - 4:13

 

  • Luke dwells on the birth of Christ.

  • Luke gives his genealogy through Mary.

  • The Book of Matthew starts at Abrham and traces it down through David-Kingship. Luke goes back to Adam and traces Christ to the point of His appearance in the history of the race as a human-as the Son of Man.

  • The first two chapters cover the first twelve years, he grew physically and in wisdom (2:52).

 

  • His Ministry in Galilee: 4:14 - 9:50

    • Luke’s account of our Lord’s ministry in Galilee is much shorter than either Matthew’s or Mark’s.

    • The emphasis, as we saw in Matthew, is on what Jesus said; in Mark on what Jesus did, while in Luke it is on Jesus Himself.

 

 

  • Luke 4:18

The Spirit of the Lord is upon me, because he hath anointed me to preach the gospel to the poor; He hath sent me to heal the brokenhearted, to preach deliverance to the captives, and recovering of sight to the blind, to set at liberty them that are bruised;

  • Luke 5 tells of the miracle of the fish.

  • Luke 7 tells of life to the son of the widow.

  • Jesus chose his disciples 4:14 – 6:11

  • Peter’s confession of Christ - 9:18

  • The transfiguration - 9: 27-36

  • Last miracle in Galilee, release of the demonic son- 9: 37-50

  • Jesus talks of the Cross- 9:22     9:31   9:44

 

  • His Journey to Jerusalem: 9:51 – 19:44

    • In all the next 11 chapters only five miracles are reported as compared to twenty-one miracles in the few chapters of His ministry in Galilee.

    • In this section there are a great number of sayings, doings, parables, rebukes.

    • Luke 13:1-5: Repentance

    • Luke 13:31-35: Christ mourns over Jerusalem.

    • Luke 17:20-21: Christ Second Coming

    • Luke 19:41-44: Jesus wept over Jerusalem.

 

  • His Sacrifice and Triumph: 19:45 - 24

    • This last section begins with the Lord in the temple and ends with His crucifixion, entombment, resurrection and ascension.

 

  • His manhood is seen through all this section in His:

    • Sweat drops as it were great drops of blood. 22:44

    • In His praying.

    • In His torture.

 

  • But we see more of His Deity in His answers.

  • His Submissiveness

  • His resurrection

  • His ministry as the risen Christ

  • His ascension

 

  • His Prayer Life:

    • 3:21, 5:16, 6:12, 9:18, 9:28, 9:29, 11:1, 22:32, 22:44, and 23:34.

 

  • His Teaching on Prayer:

    • 11:9-10, 18:1, 18:9-24, 21:36, and 22:46.

 

  • The Holy Spirit is mentioned more in the gospel of Luke:

    • 1:35, 4:1, 4:14, 4:18, and 11:13.

 

  • Luke stresses the all-Inclusive Ministry of Jesus:

    • The Two Debtors-7:41-50

    • The Good Samaritan-10:30-37

    • The Great Supper-14:16-24

    • The Lost Sheep-15:3-7

    • The Lost Coin-15:8-10

    • The Prodigal Son-15:11-32

    • The Pharisee and the Publican- 18:9-14

 

  • Luke records the Notable Ministry of Women:

    • The forgiveness of sins. 7:37-50

    • Martha and her troubles. 10:41

    • The woman with the issue of blood. 13:10-17

    • The woman with ten pieces of silver. 15:8

    • The woman who wept for Jesus.  23:28

 

 

This is a short overview of the gospel of Luke. Much more could be said about this book.

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